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On January 7, 2014, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment held a conference to review the 2013′s tasks and its tasks in 2014. Speaking at the conference, PM Dung praised the MONRE’s contributions to national socio-economic development and expressed his hope that the ministry will overcome difficulties and challenges to fulfill targets set for 2014 and for the 2011-2015 period.
2013recognized outstanding achievements in the sector
Over the past year, the natural resources and environment sector has gained many achievements. Reporting the results of the implementation of the sector’s 2013 tasks, the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Nguyen Minh Quang said the natural resources and environment sector has completed their tasks contributing to maintaining macroeconomic stability and ensuring economic growth, social welfare, serving the sustainable development goals of the country.
Accordingly, in the past year, institutional and legal regulations and policies on natural resources and environment have been improved. In particular, the completion of the draft revised Land Law along with the amending regulations related to land management in the 1992 Constitution have marked amilestone in the field of land management. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment has focused on implementing the National Assembly Resolution No. 30/2012/QH13 dated 21 June, 2012 and the Government instructions on speeding up the processing of granting land-use rights.As of December 30, 2013, more than 40 million certificates had been granted to the owners of 22.3 million hectares, accounting for 92% of the total land area and 94% of total cases that require land-use rights certificates.
In addition, geological and mineral sector also has realized positive changes. The inspection, examination and management supervision for mining license have been enhanced. “Mineral bleeding” situation has been limited step by step. In the field of water resources, the sector has focused on implementing the Law on Water Resources, boosting water resources planning for river basins.
The year 2013 has also realized several efforts of the sector in implementing effective State management on environment. MONRE has built a project on Environmental Protection Law (amended), promoted inspection, examination and punishment to violations in natural resource and environmental protection to serve the country’s socio-economic development towards sustainability. Currently, of 439 establishments causing serious pollution all over the country, 378 have been eradicated (account for 86 %). In the field of sea and islands, the sector throughout the country has continued to strengthen the organizational structure and focused on building the draft law on natural resources, marine and island environment. The Prime Minister has approved the strategy on mining and sustainable use of natural resources and protection of the marine environment by 2020, with a vision to 2030.
In the past year, the weather changes and the impact of climate change have caused strong impacts on the lives of people throughout the country. With efforts and determination of the people working in the field of hydrometeorology and climate change, 15 hurricanes, tropical depression waves, cold spells and severe cold spells have been forecasted timely. That has helped contribute to prevent and mitigate natural disasters. International cooperation on climate change has also been focused. In 2013, at the 19th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the meeting of the Parties to Kyoto Protocol held in Warsaw, Poland, Vietnam has affirmed the determination with the international community to respond to global climate change.
Along with the results of the year 2013, Minister Nguyen Minh Quang urged that the main tasks of the year 2014 are to promote law enforcement, strengthen inspection and examination in the natural resources and environment sector.
Effectiveness of State management in the field of natural resources and the environment should be enhanced
After appreciating the achievements of natural resources and environment sector in 2013, the Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung said the sector should also make better of its achievements in order to build complete policies which make an important legal basis for the high efficient management.
In term of land management, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment as well as the Ministry of Finance need to build five decrees for the implementation of the revised Land Law in time in order to submit to the Government before January 7th, 2014. Moreover, the Ministry should focus on issuing relevant circulars and inter-ministerial circulars before the revised Land Law comes into effect. These moves will help shortcomings and difficulties in dealing with the current pressing issues related to land acquisition, compensation and land prices.
Management and exploitation of natural resources such as land, water, minerals, sea and island are also the main and important concentrations, especially environmental protection. According to the Prime Minister, the relevant agencies should strictly control the facilities which cause environmental pollution. On the other hand, the ministry should research to find out effective disposal treatment models. The effectiveness of weather forecasting and programs to cope with climate change should be enhanced. The guidelines of the Resolution N. 24 on proactive response to climate change, strengthening natural resource management and environmental protection are considered a decisive factor to sustainable development of the country,” confirmed the Prime Minister.