(VEN) – According to Resolution 09/NQ-TW dated February 9, 2007 of the Central Committee on the “Vietnam’s marine strategy to 2020″, the country would become a strong and rich sea-based nation by 2020, contributing to firmly ensuring the country’s national sovereignty and territorial waters.
Vietnam has a long coastline of 3,260km with the Exclusive Economic Zone of more than one million sq.km. Vietnam also has more than 3,000 large and small islands, including the Paracel Islands and the Spratly Islands.
Marine conservation is to protect ecosystems and valuable aquatic species in terms of science, education and tourism. Vietnamese sea includes more than 20 types of typical ecosystems. These ecosystems have large values feeding native and migrated aquatic species with high diversity.
|Vietnam’s Sea and Island Week 2013 will focus on three major events, including the 5th forum on marine trademarks held in Ha Tinh Province on June 7; the 4th marine economic forum held in Ha Tinh Province on June 8; and a meeting in response to the World Environment Day and the World Oceans Day which are expected to organize in Thien Cam tourist area.|
Mangrove forests have about 210,000 hectares with more than 1,600 organisms. More than 125 benthos species and 158 seaweed species currently live in continental shelf and most of them have high economic value, such as mussels, crabs, shrimp and holothurian.
The diversity of marine bio-resources and marine ecosystems offer enormous seafood resources for the economy with about five million tonnes of sea fish (sustainable harvesting capacity of 2.3 million tonnes), shrimp and squid in the intertidal areas. The diversity of marine ecosystems based on natural resources is the foundation for the sustainable development of the marine economy, such as tourism, maritime products and marine medicine.
Protecting the diversity of marine bio-resources is the management of the identified territorial waters (including islands in these waters) towards protecting valuable species. Marine conservation is to protect marine ecosystems and valuable aquatic species in terms of science, education and tourism. As a result, organisms in the identified territorial waters are protected and maintained, contributing to creating the abundance of maritime products (fish and seafood) and favorable conditions for the sustainable development of export businesses in particular and the country in general.
Vietnam currently has paid more attention on the implementation of international commitments and marine conservation. On May 26, 2010, the prime minister issued Decision 742/QD-TTg on planning Vietnam’s marine reserve system by 2020. According to a decision, by 2015, Vietnam would establish and put 16 marine reserves from north to south into operation. In the 2016-2020 period, the country would research and propose the development plan to expand the marine reserve system as well as establish and put some new marine reserves into operation.
A decision on planning Vietnam’s marine reserve system by 2020 offered an important legal basis for ministries, departments and coastal provinces to actively adopt action programs protecting seafood resources and the marine environment, contributing to promoting Vietnam’s marine economy and ensuring the sustainable development./.
By PhD Pham Ngoc Son