Vietnam’s Law on the Sea reaffirms the country’s consistent policy of settling disputes with neighbouring countries through peaceful means, in accordance with the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and related international laws and practices.
- New law governs sovereignty over sea, islands
- NA approves the Law on the Sea
Deputy Foreign Minister Bui Thanh Son emphasized this on July 16 at a press briefing in Hanoi to announce the Law on the Sea.
Son said Vietnam is willing to promote cooperation with other countries and international organizations, including cooperation in maritime affairs.
The new law, which includes seven chapters and 55 articles, regulates the baseline, internal waters, territorial waters, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone, the continental shelf, the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) Archipelagoes and other islands that belong to Vietnam and fall under its sovereign and jurisdiction rights.
It also stipulates activities allowed in Vietnam’s seas, the development of the marine economy, and the protection of the country’s seas and islands.
Under the new law, the nation’s seas will be managed and protected in compliance with Vietnamese law, the UN Charter, and other international treaties of which Vietnam is a member.
It also states that it is the duty of every Vietnamese agency, organization and citizen to protect and defend the country’s sovereignty over its seas and islands.
The new law will take effect on January 1, 2013.
Seven other laws and two resolutions were also announced at the briefing.